Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge
This wildlife refuge is constituted by a total area of 9 969 hectares. It is located in the very northern part of Costa Rica, just a couple miles away from the border with Nicaragua. It is a mixed refuge as a fraction of the territory belongs to the government of Costa Rica, and the other areas are actually in private hands.
Caño Negro refuge was created in 1984 to protect a group of wetlands precious for the conservation of Costa Rica's wildlife. In 1991, it became a RAMSAR site, which means that its role in protecting nature's life is so significant that it has a major connection with the rest of the world. Well, the country is known as a biological bridge between North and South America. Also, places like Caño Negro are essential, especially in the migratory season, because they become the temporary home of hundreds of birds.
Over 400 different bird species like ibis, ducks, egrets, herons, and kingfishers make this refuge very crowded. Actually, the biggest colony of Neotropical Cormorants of the country nest in here. Furthermore, Rio Frio -the most important affluent of the sanctuary- is also famous for the species of fish that shelters. These lands are also populated by mammals like jaguars, monkeys, pumas, and reptiles like crocodiles, turtles, and basilisks.